Aristotle famously said that if you really want to understand what a state values, observe how it spends its money. In an age in which politicians of every stripe declare, or at least feign, commitment to the “future of our children,” the universal yardstick for measuring the authenticity of their words can be measured in their support for education.
Idaho, which prides itself as a “family values” state, ranks next-to-last in per-pupil spending, according to a report issued by the U.S. Census Bureau. In 2010-2011, Idaho spent $6,824 per student. That’s 35.4 percent lower than the national average of $10,560. Only Utah, another self-described “family values” state, ranked lower, spending $6,212 per pupil.
When education expenditures occupy the bottom rung on the ladder of values, advocates of family values should ask themselves if they are getting the government they deserve.
Recently, Idaho Voices for Children honored the former four-term governor of Idaho, Cecil D. Andrus, for his leadership in education, including the establishment of public kindergarten in Idaho and increased public school funding. In words that cut through the fog and smoke that mask the gulf between politicians’ rhetoric and deeds, when it comes to education, Andrus declared that it is time for Idahoans “to put our money where our mouth is,” if education is truly a top priority.
Idahoans who truly value the future of their children can only cringe at the level of state support for education. A non-partisan goal if ever there was one, education as fulfillment of human aspirations and a stepping stone to a better life, should be preserved and protected by Republicans and Democrats alike. Yet, Idaho’s per-pupil spending, adjusted for inflation, has fallen nearly 16 percent since 2007-2008. To place the neglect of education in sharp relief, Idaho spends $5,000 less per classroom than it did five years ago. Only four states have imposed harsher cuts in education funding since the recession unfolded across the nation.
The implications of inadequate support for education – for Idaho’s children and the future of the state itself – are grim. It is no secret that various businesses that have eyed relocation to the Gem
State have taken their jobs and money elsewhere because of their perception that Idaho’s workforce is undertrained and undereducated. The loss of jobs, with good wages and benefits, represents a stark challenge to the Idaho Legislature to reverse its recent trend of neglect.
Gov. Butch Otter’s Task Force for Improving Education has rolled out an impressive package of recommendations. The plan to restore $82.5 million in school operation funds and to boost teacher salaries by $250 million represents a solid start. The installation of wireless and broadband technologies in all schools across the state is a “must.”
An improving state economy and a savings account of at least $140 million provides legislative leaders with a genuine opportunity to restore a measure of support for education. Failure to make these improvements will draw down the curtains on the declaration that Idaho is a “family values” state. It is high time for Idaho to demonstrate its commitment to education, the true measure of a state’s core values.
David Adler is the Cecil D. Andrus Professor of Public Affairs at Boise State University, where he serves as Director of the Andrus Center for Public Policy.