KAMIAH The statistics are staggering.
“In 2014, there were 86 opiate prescriptions for every 100 persons in Idaho,” stated Dr. Peg Gehring, St. Mary’s Hospital and Clinics.
*Idaho ranked 5th among individuals 12 and older for pain reliever misuse.
*In 2015, Idaho ranked 29th in the nation for percentage of individuals 12 and older who used heroin.
(National Survey on Drug Use and Health 2015-16)
*Nearly 14 percent of high school students in Idaho report using a prescription drug without a doctor’s prescription.
(Youth Risk Behavior Study 2017)
*Between 2007 and 2016, the prescription drug arrest rate more than doubled in Idaho. Idaho County was among the lowest in prescription drug arrests rates while Clark County was the highest and Lewis County had zero.
*Between 2007 and 2016, the heroin arrest rate in Idaho increased 24-fold. In 2016, there were 776 heroin arrests in Idaho. That year there were not any heroin arrests in Idaho or Lewis counties.
(National Incident Based Reporting System 2016)
*The number od overdoses in Idaho wore than tripled between 2000 and 2015. Opioid analgesics were involved in more than one-third od these deaths in 2015.
(Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics 2015)
*Heroin morphine and oxycodone are the most commonly used opioids.
*In the U.S., more than half of all accidental drug deaths are caused by heroin and morphine.
*Missouri is the only state without a PMP (prescription monitoring program).
*There are approximately 2 million people in the U.S. who are addicted to prescription opioids.
*Every year, about 150,000 people try heroin for the first time.
That may mean one person could have four different prescriptions, she said. But that many is too many, and Gehring wants to see that change.
A group of 35 people gathered at Hearthstone Bakery Aug. 8 to view the film “Dying in Vein: The Opiate Generation,” and discuss the nationwide drug crisis. The “Lunch and Learn” event was sponsored by Upriver Youth Leadership Council (UYLC).
Gehring, who completed doctorate work in pain management, attended as a professional in the community concerned with the over-abundance of people using prescription opiates.
“The goal is to get people off high doses of opioids without a lot of withdrawal,” Gehring told the group. Three to seven days is the maximum time a person should be on the prescription pain killers, she added.
These may include codeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydrocodone/acetaminophen (Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Vicodin), hydromorphone (Dilaudid), meperidine (Demerol), methadone, morphine (OxyContin, Oxaydo), oxycodone and acetaminophen (Percocet, Roxicet), oxycodone and naloxone.
In the documentary “Dying in Vein,” heroin use was chronicled in the lives of several people in Utah. In each of the cases of the addicts, drug abuse began with prescription pill use and abuse.
The film stated heroin deaths have risen 300 percent since 2010. It discussed the use of Seboxone and Naloxone as an ongoing treatment option for addicts which helps block opiate receptors in the nervous system, as well as the availability of Narcan, which is an emergency treatment for opioid overdose.
One doctor in the film stated: “Somewhere along the way we’ve been led to believe life should be without pain. This simply isn’t true.”
UYLC volunteer Tisse Walle of Kamiah said she was moved by a certain portion of the film that discussed addiction as a disease:
“Someone asked if we would turn away or shame an uncontrolled diabetic,” she said. “That made me think about these people who are addicted and need help.”
Another doctor in the film compared cancer treatment to drug treatment.
“When cancer treatment fails, do we say, ‘Oh, you just didn’t chemo hard enough,’ and blame the person?” she asked.
The film stated the U.S. has 5 percent of the world’s population but consumes 80 percent of the word’s prescription drugs.
“Billions are spent on drug production and distribution,” said UYLC volunteer Kelly Lineberry. “And yet, nothing near that is put back into resources to assist those who become addicted.”
Senator Dan Johnson of Moscow attended the program and asked what he could do to help.
“Are the crisis rooms being implemented locally going to help?” he questioned, referring to the rooms that will be funded with legislative money and made available at Syringa and St. Mary’s hospitals, among others in the region, to temporarily house those with emergency mental illness issues or those who are under the influence of drugs.
“It’s a start – it helps, but it’s not the whole answer,” Gehring said.
Heather Weddle, chief pharmacist at Nimipuu Health in Kamiah, agreed.
“There is simply not enough detox availability,” she stated, explaining for one prescription the clinic uses to treat addiction (Vivotrol), a person must first be clean seven days prior to receiving the injection.
Another audience member agreed that even once people are ready for help, the closest place to go may be Coeur d’Alene or Boise – if a spot is even open.
“Making that decision to get help, then the prospect of getting somewhere and being away from your entire support system – it’s just very, very difficult,” she shook her head.
Insurance plays a part in what kind of treatment is available, as well, the film and audience members reiterated.
Gehring is involved with a group of professionals – and expanded her circle at the Lunch and Learn – who are working on ways to deal with narcotic prescription overuse as well as avenues to help lessen diverted prescriptions (ones that may be sold or traded instead of used as they are supposed to be).
“No one should die without having another chance,” the film ended. The documentary was dedicated to 22-year-old Chase Alexander Saxton of Sandy, Utah. A student at he University of Utah, Saxton died of a heroin overdose in 2014.
To contact UYLC: Sharlene Johnson, president, firstname.lastname@example.org; call 208-743-0392.